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VZ WG-3 Landforms

Stack contains definitions of landforms and waters

mountain elevation of substantial height and mass, usually over 1000 feet in height
barrier island coastal island created by sand deposit, protect coastlines during large storms
atoll a ring- shaped coral island or ring of islands linked by underwater coral reefs
basin | low areas of land often sorrounded by mountains |
cliff | very steep vertical or overhanging face of rock, earth, or ice |
dell | secluded hallow or small valley hidden by trees |
isthmus | a narrow strip of land with water on either side that connects two areas or land |
plateau | elevated flatland that rises sharply above nearby land on at least one side and has a large, flat top |
summit | the highest point of a hill or mountain |
Archipelago a chain or cluster of islands
basin low areas of land, often surrounded by mountains
butte an isolated hill or mountain with steep or precipitous sides smaller than a mesa
canyon a deep valley between cliffs often carved from the landscape by a river. Most canyons were formed by a process of long-time erosion from a plateau level.
cliff a high, steep face of rock
coast that part of an island or continent that borders an ocean or its saltwater tributaries
continent a major land mass
desert a landscape form or region that receives very little precipitation. Deserts are defined as areas that receive an average annual precipitation of less than 250 mm (10 in).
divide seperate into two parts or catagories
isthmus narrow strip of land with water on either side connecting two large land areas
mesa a broad, flat topped mountain smaller than a plateau and larger than a butte with two steep sides
plateau also called a high plateau or tableland, is an area of highland, usually consisting of relatively flat rural area.
prairie land in or made of prodominentally grassland
reef a chain of rocks or coral or a ridge of sand at or near the surface of water
summit the highest point or part
tundra a rolling treeles plain
valley valley (also called a vale or dale) is a depression with predominant extent in one direction. A very deep river valley may be called a canyon or gorge
brook a small body of water with a current, confined within a bed and banks. Streams are important as conduits in the water cycle, instruments in aquifer recharge, and corridors for fish and wildlife migration
estuary mouth of a river
bay | body of water larger than a cove and smaller than a gulf |
basin | partially enclosed sheltered area along the shore where boats may be moored |
bayou | a marshy arm, inlet of a lake, river, etc. |
channel navigation route between two areas of water |
cove small recess in the shoreline in a sea, lake, etc. |
current | part of a fluid body of water moving continuously |
glacier | very thick slow-moving mass of ice that slides down a mountain |
headwaters | first and smallest streamd formed from the runoff of a mountain |
gulf | part of an ocean extending into land, larger than a bay |
marsh | tract of soft, wet land characterized by grass and cat-tails |
meander | the turns or winding path of a stream or river |
mouth | where a river is formed |
pool | small, deep body of freshwater |
rapids part of a river where the current is fast and the surface is broken and choppy |
reservoir | artificial lake where water is stored for human use |
river | natural stream of water with considerable volume that flows over a distance |
sound | long, broad inlet off of the ocean generally parallel to the coast |
source | point of origin for a stream of water |
spring | source of water issuing from the ground |
strait | narrow passageway between two large bodies of water |
tributary | any smaller stream or river that flows into a larger stream or river |
waterfall | Perpendicular or steep descent of the water from a stream | *~*Group 3 is better than you :p *~*
cape | a piece of land jutting into the sea or some other large body of water |
cay small, low island composed largely of coral or sand |
dam | a barrier to obstruct the flow of water, esp. one of earth, masonry, etc., built across a stream or river |
delta | a nearly flat plain of alluvial deposit between diverging branches of the mouth of a river, often, though not necessarily, triangular
hill a natural elevation of the earth's surface, smaller than a mountain |
island a tract of land completely surrounded by water, and not large enough to be called a continent
peninsula an area of land almost completely surrounded by water except for an isthmus connecting it with the mainland |
plain an area of land not significantly higher than adjacent areas and with relatively minor differences in elevation, commonly less than 500 ft. (150 m), within the area.
Created by: NHS-NHS
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