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greece vocab

TermDefinition
peninsula a piece of land almost surrounded by water or projecting out into a body of water.
crete Island in southeastern Greece in the Mediterranean Sea.
mycenae an archaeological site in Greece,
agamemnon was the son of King Atreus and Queen Aerope of Mycenae
peloponnesus A peninsula forming the southern part of Greece south of the Gulf of Corinth.
colonies a country or area under the full or partial political control of another country, typically a distant one, and occupied by settlers from that country.
polis a city state in ancient Greece, especially as considered in its ideal form for philosophical purposes.
agora (in ancient Greece) a public open space used for assemblies and markets.
tyrant a cruel and oppressive ruler.
oligarchy a small group of people having control of a country, organization, or institution.
democracy a system of government by the whole population or all the eligible members of a state, typically through elected representatives.
sparta an ancient Greek city-state and rival of Athens.
athens capital of Greece in east-central Greece on the plain of Attica, overlooking an arm of the Mediterranean Sea.
helots a member of a class of serfs in ancient Sparta, intermediate in status between slaves and citizens.
solon was an Athenian statesman, lawmaker, and poet. He is remembered particularly for his efforts to legislate against political, economic, and moral decline in archaic Athens.
peisistratus athenian tyrant.
cleisthenes Athenian statesman who enacted the legal reforms of Solon, replaced the older family-based political organization with one based on locality, and is generally regarded as the founder of Athenian democracy. or Clis.
socrates Greek philosopher. As represented in the writings of his disciple Plato, he engaged in dialogue with others in an attempt to define ethical concepts by exposing and dispelling error
pericles was arguably the most prominent and influential Greek statesman, orator and general of Athens during the Golden Age— specifically the time between the Persian and Peloponnesian wars.
plato founded the Academy in Athens. An integral part of his thought is the theory of 'ideas' or 'forms', in which abstract entities or universals are contrasted with their objects or particulars in the material world.
aristotle a towering figure in ancient Greek philosophy, making contributions to logic, metaphysics, mathematics, physics, biology, botany, ethics, politics, agriculture, medicine, dance and theatre.
philosopher a person engaged or learned in philosophy, especially as an academic discipline.
vote a formal indication of a choice between two or more candidates or courses of action, expressed typically through a ballot or a show of hands or by voice.
Created by: am03140
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